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A child’s spoken vocabulary helps them when it comes to reading new words for the first time

Medical X-Press – Staff Writer

“Children find it easier to spell a word when they’ve already heard it spoken, a new study led by researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders (CCD) at Macquarie University has found. The findings are the first to provide evidence about how oral vocabulary in children is linked to their ability to learn to read new words. “We found that when children have heard a new word spoken, and know how it is pronounced and what it means, they are then able to process this word with more speed when they have to read it for the first time,” explained Signy Wegener, lead researcher of the study.”(more)

Seven myths about dyslexia put to rest

The Conversation – Serje Robidoux

“As researchers who study dyslexia, we often read articles or overhear conversations that completely misunderstand what dyslexia is – or how it can be treated. Dyslexia is the term used to describe someone with reading difficulties…To coincide with Dyslexia Empowerment Week – aimed at raising awareness and understanding of the disorder – we highlight the seven most common misconceptions about dyslexia.”(more)

Closed Captioning Gives Literacy a Boost

Education Week – Monica Brady-Myerov

“It turns out that reading same-language subtitles while listening to the same words on screen is a complicated transaction. A study by the University of Nottingham, in England, looked closely at just this process—what our eyes are doing when we are listening and reading simultaneously—and its implications for K-12 education seemed significant. Intrigued, I looked into the matter further, finding that same-language subtitling can actually support literacy. In other words, rather than being simply annoying, listening to English and reading English subtitles helps in decoding words and reading better.”(more)

Measurement Is Key To Accelerating Education Impact

Forbes – Staff Writer

“With fewer than 20% of Milwaukee’s third graders reading proficiently, cradle to career partnership Milwaukee Succeeds wanted to test the effectiveness of a promising strategy: literacy coaching for teachers. To test this strategy, Milwaukee Public Schools, Northwestern Mutual, and other local organizations came together to create a literacy coaching program for K-2 teachers in two schools. After just three months, many students working with the newly trained teachers doubled their reading progress. Next year, the school district is expanding the program to five schools. If similar results are achieved in these schools, coaching support for teachers will likely be expanded to reach more students. Milwaukee Succeeds is one of over 60 collective impact partnerships engaged in the StriveTogether Cradle to Career Network. Partnership staff and leaders in these communities are passionate about measurement, aiming to constantly learn and adapt across all programs and services working to improve educational outcomes. They rigorously measure and continuously improve their work, making small tests of change and scaling interventions that data shows provide results for kids.”(more)

The more children hear, the more they learn

Pensacola Today – Shannon Nickinson

“Thirty million words. That’s the difference between poor children and their better-off classmates. It boils down to that number in programs from the South Side of Chicago to the Pensacola Metro. It comes from a 1995 study by child psychologists that found by age 4, poor children hear 30 million fewer words than children from better-off families. This leads to poor children lagging academically, being weaker readers and falling behind in school. Dana Suskind founded Thirty Million Words at the University of Chicago Medical School to drive awareness of the achievement gap and promote strategies to close it. The Hart and Risely study is what everybody talks about, Suskind says, because it is the study that revealed the 30-million-word gap.”(more)

It Pays to Increase Your Word Power

Education Next – Robert Pondiscio

“When it comes to vocabulary, size matters. E.D. Hirsch, Jr. observed that vocabulary “is a convenient proxy for a whole range of educational attainments and abilities.” It signals competence in reading and writing and correlates with SAT success—which, in turn, predicts the likelihood of college attendance, graduation, and the associated wage premium that has been fetishized by education reformers and driven their agenda for decades.”(more)